The ground may be frozen or covered in snow in many parts of the country, but in a short time your lawn will be coming out of its hibernation and beginning to grow. In the spring, there are many ways you can boost the health and appearance of your lawn, some of them beginning before the ground thaws. Here are some tips to get you ready to jump start your lawn's appearance and health for next summer.
Add Grass Seed
Whether your lawn is well established or was newly installed just last season, it can always benefit with over-seeding application, and fall or winter is a great time to do it. Over-seeding is the process where you add more grass seed to your lawn's expanse.
As nitrogen builds up on your lawn from winter snowfall, the seeds will remain dormant until spring and the ground thaws. The grass seed has a more protected environment within the existing lawn plants, so it is easier to get it to germinate and take root, as wind and weather won't move them from their position.
Applying more grass seed will will thicken up your lawn and also provide you a chance to add in a variety of grass seeds. For example, if you have only one type of grass seed growing in your yard, by adding in a shade-tolerant seed and a seed good in drought conditions, you will grow a more versatile lawn that can survive and look great in a variety of conditions.
Apply a Fertilizer
In the spring as the lawn is beginning to come out of its dormancy, you should provide it with a spring lawn fertilizer recommended for your area. Apply the seed with a drop spreader for the best results. Just be sure you apply it evenly without missing spots or overlapping in areas. Doing so can give your lawn a zebra-striped pattern and kill patches of your lawn from the over-fertilization. Then, be sure to water your lawn thoroughly after fertilization to help the nutrients get down to your lawn's roots.
Treat Spring Dead Spots
Once your lawn begins to grow in, you can see where any dead spots remain from winter's damage or from pet urine and feces that may have accumulated on your lawn during winter. Rake up and loosen the soil in these dead spots and sprinkle lawn seed over the area. Cover the area with some peat moss and keep it moist for one to two weeks until the seeds begin to germinate. Then, continue watering the seed daily until it fills in the dead spots.